About this website

The RECREATE Green Horizons Scoreboard provides time series indicators on innovation systems that are relevant to societal challenges in the areas of climate action, resource efficiency and raw materials. All indicators are presented as parts of various Environmental Innovation Systems in order to show them in in a problem-solving context and to point to potential causal links between them. The website enables policy-makers, researchers and the general public to quickly find sets of relevant indicators, compare performance over time and across space, and analyse the relations between different indicators for as many countries of the European Research Area as possible.The Scoreboard identifies core indicators addressing the different functions of innovation systems. The following "functions" of Environmental Innovation Systems1 are covered:

  •       Knowledge development and diffusion
  •       Influence on the direction of search
  •       Entrepreneurial experimentation 

  •       Market formation
  •       Legitimation of technologies
  •       Resource mobilization

These functions capture the innovation processes on markets and within societies in a holistic perspective that points to opportunities for transforming currently unsustainable mass markets. For more information on the conceptualisation of the different functions please click here. Going beyond a simplified aggregation of various activities into the rubrics of, for example, “eco-innovation” or “resource efficiency” the Scoreboard provides indicators on eleven different innovation systems or fields of knowledge that are of high relevance to the areas of climate action, resource efficiency and raw materials. The following innovation systems or fields of knowledge are covered:

Data is presented for up to 34 countries of the European Research Area.For each of the eleven different innovation systems or fields of knowledge time series indicators are presented that allow the tracking and benchmarking of aspects of their performance over time and across countries.

  • 1. The 'functions' of Environmental Innovation Systems are adopted from those for Technological Innovation Systems as in Bergek, Anna, Marko Hekkert, and Staffan Jacobsson. 2008. ‘Functions in Innovation Systems: A Framework for Analysing Energy System Dynamics and Identifying Goals for System-Building Activities by Entrepreneurs and Policy Makers’. RIDE/IMIT Working Paper, no. 84426-008. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/46678191 Bergek, Anna, Staffan Jacobsson, Bo Carlsson, Sven Lindmark, and Annika Rickne. 2008. ‘Analyzing the Functional Dynamics of Technological Innovation Systems: A Scheme of Analysis’. Research Policy 37 (3): 407–29. doi:10.1016/j.respol.2007.12.003 Bergek, Anna, Staffan Jacobsson, and Björn A. Sandén. 2008. ‘“Legitimation”and “development of Positive Externalities”: Two Key Processes in the Formation Phase of Technological Innovation Systems’. Technology Analysis & Strategic Management 20 (5): 575–92.