Iceland

Ísland (IS)

Available indicators

BERD Agriculture, forestry & fishing

Business enterprise R&D expenditure (BERD) in Agriculture, forestry and fishing in Purchasing Power Standard (PPS) per inhabitant at constant 2005 prices.

Private research and development expenditure supports innovation in the agriculture sector.
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BERD Manufacture of basic iron & steel and of ferro-alloys & their basic products

Business enterprise R&D expenditure (BERD) in manufacture of basic iron and steel and of ferro-alloys and their basic products in Purchasing Power Standard (PPS) per inhabitant at constant 2005 prices.

Private research and development expenditure into metals manufacturing can lead to greater material and carbon efficiency and increased recycling.
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BERD Manufacture of wood, cork, straw & plaiting products (except furniture)

Business enterprise R&D expenditure (BERD) in manufacture of wood, cork, straw and plaiting products, except furniture in Purchasing Power Standard (PPS) per inhabitant at constant 2005 prices

Private research and development expenditure into the manufacture of products from renewable organic materials supports innovation in the bioeconomy.
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BERD Rental & leasing activities

Business enterprise R&D expenditure (BERD) in rental and leasing activities in Purchasing Power Standard (PPS) per inhabitant at constant 2005 prices.

Private research and development expenditure into rental and leasing activities can lead to innovations that increase material efficiency.
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BERD Repair & installation of machinery & equipment

Business enterprise R&D expenditure (BERD) in repair and installation of machinery and equipment in Purchasing Power Standard (PPS) per inhabitant at constant 2005 prices.

Private research and development expenditure into repair activities can lead to innovations that increase material efficiency.
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BERD Sewerage, waste management, remediation activities

Business enterprise R&D expenditure (BERD) in sewerage, waste management, remediation activities in Purchasing Power Standard (PPS) per inhabitant at constant 2005 prices.

Private research and development expenditure supports innovation in the waste and recycling sector.
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Early stage investment - Agriculture (GDP PPP)

Amount of early-stage investment in companies and start-ups operating in the “Agricultural” sector, measured as “USD per billion USD of GDP” (adjusted according to purchasing power parity).

Mobilises financial resources.
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Early stage investment - Renewable energy (GDP PPP)

Amount of early-stage investment in companies and start-ups operating in the “Renewable Energy” sector, measured as “USD per billion USD of GDP” (adjusted according to purchasing power parity).

Mobilises financial resources.
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Late stage investment - Bioeconomy (GDP PPP)

Amount of late-stage investment in companies and start-ups operating in the “Bioeconomy” sector, measured as “USD per billion USD of GDP” (adjusted according to purchasing power parity).

Investments in relevant companies mobilise financial resources.
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Late stage investment - Fossil fuel efficiency (GDP PPP)

Amount of late-stage investment in companies and start-ups operating in the “Fossil fuel efficiency” sector, measured as “USD per billion USD of GDP” (adjusted according to purchasing power parity).

Investments in relevant companies mobilise financial resources
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Late stage investment - Renewable energy (GDP PPP)

Amount of late-stage investment in companies and start-ups operating in the “Renewable Energy” sector, measured as “USD per billion USD of GDP” (adjusted according to purchasing power parity).

Mobilises financial resources.
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Public R&D spending - Energy sector (PPS per capita)

Public R&D spending on the energy sector in relation to GDP per capita in Purchasing Power Standards

This may benefit the generation of renewable energy knowledge (but also of knowledge on fossil fuel efficiency).
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Public R&D spending - Energy sector (share of GBAORD)

The indicator measures the share of total Government Budget Appropriations or Outlays on R&D related to the “Energy” sector.

GBAORD data are measuring government support to research and development (R&D) activities, or, in other words, how much priority Governments place on the public funding of R&D. (Eurostat)

This may benefit the generation of bioeconomy knowledge.
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Public R&D spending - Environment sector (PPS per capita)

Public R&D spending on the environment sector in relation to GDP per capita in Purchasing Power Standards

This may benefit the generation of knowledge on sustainable agriculture and soil sciences.
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Public R&D spending - Environment sector (share of GBAORD)

The indicator measures the share of total Government Budget Appropriations or Outlays on R&D related to the “Environment” sector. GBAORD data are measuring government support to research and development (R&D) activities, or, in other words, how much priority Governments place on the public funding of R&D.

This may benefit the generation of bioeconomy knowledge.
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Combustile renewables and waste (% of total)

Combustible renewables and waste, measured as a percentage of total energy use, include: solid biomass, liquid biomass, biogas, industrial waste and municipal waste.

Combustible renewables and waste are renewable sources of energy that include any plant matter or waste that is used directly as fuel or converted into fuel, electricity or heat.
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Electricity production from renewables, excl. hydro (% of total)

Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding production from hydropower, as a percentage of total electricity produced. Includes: geothermal, solar, tidal, wind, biomass and biofuels.

Renewable energy production without hydro, largely considered an established technology, can provide insight into people's willingness to adopt clean energy technologies, government's efforts to meeting emission demands, and the maturity of the clean energy market.
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Energy intensity level of primary energy

The ratio between energy supply and GDP measured at purchasing power parity. This is an indication (or measure) of how much energy is used to produce one unit of GDP.

Energy intensity is a measure of how efficiently countries use energy to produce economic output: low energy intensity means high efficiency; high energy intensity means low efficiency.
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Plastic waste: net exports in kg per capita

This indicator shows net plastic waste exports in kilogram per capita. A negative number indicates that imports are greater than exports. 

Whether a country is a net importer or exporter of plastic waste is an important indicator for understanding the structure of its market for waste plastic.
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Share of electricity from renewable sources

Share of electricity from renewable sources in gross final consumption.

By tracking the share of electricity from renewable sources, one can assess the dynamics of market development and whether it is still a niche or already a more established market.
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Consumption of Rare Earth Elements (compounds)

Apparent consumption of Rare Earth Elements (REEs) -  Rare earth compounds - expressed in tonnes.

Apparent consumption is calculated as Production + Imports - Exports for each country in the ERA.

Rare earth elements have important applications in magnets (important for electric vehicles and wind turbines), batteries, metallurgy, catalysts, polishing powders and glass additives, phosphors and other application such as ceramics, fibre optics and lasers.1
 

In countries where consumption or dependency rises there may be a stronger interest in critical raw materials
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Consumption of Rare Earth Elements (ferro-cerium & other pyrophoric alloys)

Apparent consumption of Rare Earth Elements (REES) -Ferro-cerium & other pyrophoric alloys - expressed in tonnes.

Apparent consumption is calculated as Production + Imports - Exports for each country in the ERA.

Rare earth elements have important applications in magnets (important for electric vehicles and wind turbines), batteries, metallurgy, catalysts, polishing powders and glass additives, phosphors and other application such as ceramics, fibre optics and lasers.1

In countries where consumption or dependency rises there may be a stronger interest in critical raw materials
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Consumption of Rare Earth Elements (metals)

Apparent consumption of Rare Earth Elements (REEs) - Metals - expressed in tonnes.

Apparent consumption is calculated as Production + Imports - Exports for each country in the ERA.

Rare earth elements have important applications in magnets (important for electric vehicles and wind turbines), batteries, metallurgy, catalysts, polishing powders and glass additives, phosphors and other application such as ceramics, fibre optics and lasers.1

In countries where consumption or dependency rises there may be a stronger interest in critical raw materials
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Energy dependence

Energy dependency shows the extent to which an economy relies upon imports in order to meet its energy needs. The indicator is calculated as net imports divided by the sum of gross inland energy consumption plus bunkers.

Energy efficiency can help to reduce energy dependence.
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GHG emissions per capita

Greenhouse gas emissions (expressed in terms of CO2 emission equivalents) per capita.

The right kind of bio-based solutions can help to reduce GHG emissions.
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GHG emissions per capita - Agriculture sector

Greenhouse gas emissions (expressed in terms of CO2 emission equivalents) per capita related to the "Agriculture" sector

High emissions from the agricultural sector point to the potential contribution of biological solutions to climate change mitigation.
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GHG emissions per capita - Energy sector

Greenhouse gas emissions (expressed in terms of CO2 emission equivalents per capita) attributed to the "Energy" sector.

Concern about GHG emissions can lead to either encouragement and discouragement of investments into fossil fuel efficiency, depending on the time horizon. The development of GHG per capita due to the energy sector can give an indications of where efficiency potentials may be. For a more complete picture it is...
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GHG emissions per capita - Industrial processes

Greenhouse gas emissions (expressed in terms of CO2 emission equivalents) per capita related to the "Industrial processes" sector.

Concern about GHG emissions can lead to either encouragement and discouragement of investments into fossil fuel efficiency, depending on the time horizon. The development of GHG per capita due to industrial processes can give an indications of where efficiency potentials may be. For a more complete picture it is important...
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GHG emissions per capita - Waste sector

Greenhouse gas emissions (expressed in terms of CO2 emission equivalents) per capita related to the "Waste" sector.

Monitoring the development of GHG emission per capita due to the waste sector over time and across countries can provide information on where support for greater energy efficiency is most urgent and likely to have the most impact.
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Implicit tax rate on energy

This indicator is defined as the ratio between energy tax revenues and final energy consumption calculated for a calendar year (Eurostat).

Higher tax rates increase demand for efficiency measures.
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Raw material consumption (RMC) per capita

Amount of Raw Material Consumption (RMC) weighted by population, expressed in Tonnes per capita. RMC expresses the raw material extraction carried out to produce the goods consumed within an economy.

Environmental deterioration can lead to higher awareness and stimulate search processes to avert crises
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Waste to landfill

Measures waste to landfill in kg per capita.

High waste to landfill ratios point to opportunities in the form of waste reduction and recycling.
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Eurobarometer survey - Environmental concern

Percentage of people indicating to the Eurobarometer Survey that environmental concerns are among the two most important issues in their country at the moment.

A higher prioritisation of environmental issues should translate into more support for sustainable agriculture. It can legitimise but also delegitimise agricultural innovations, depending on their perceived sustainability impact.
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Patents in Adaptation

Number of patent applications filed to the European patent office (EPO) for inventions within climate adaptation.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Patents can help protect and realize innovations within climate adaptation.
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Patents in Adaptation per 1000 researchers

Number of patent applications filed to the European patent office (EPO) for inventions within climate adaptation.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Patents can help protect and realize innovations within climate adaptation.
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Patents in Adaptation per mill. inhab.

Number of patent applications filed to the European patent office (EPO) for inventions within climate adaptation. The indicator is expressed in terms of “Number of patent applications per one million inhabitants”.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Patents can help protect and realize innovations within climate adaptation.
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Patents in Bioeconomy

Number of patent applications filed to the European patent office (EPO) for inventions within bioeconomy.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Patents can help protect and realize innovations within bioeconomy.
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Patents in Bioeconomy per 1000 researchers

Number of patent applications filed to the European patent office (EPO) for inventions within bioeconomy. The indicator is expressed in terms of “Number of patents per thousand researchers”.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Patents can help protect and realize innovations within bioeconomy.
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Patents in Bioeconomy per mill. inhab.

Number of patent applications filed to the European patent office (EPO) for inventions within bioeconomy. The indicator is expressed in terms of “Number of patent applications per one million inhabitants”.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Patents can help protect and realize innovations within bioeconomy.
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Patents in carbon capture & storage technology per mill. inhab.

Number of patent applications filed to the European patent office (EPO) for inventions within carbon capture and storage technology. The indicator is expressed in terms of “Number of patent applications per one million inhabitants”.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Patents can help protect and realize innovations within carbon capture and storage technology.
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Patents in carbon capture and storage technology

Number of patent applications filed to the European patent office (EPO) for inventions within carbon capture and storage technology.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Patents can help protect and realize innovations within carbon capture and storage technology.
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Patents in Energy Efficiency

Number of patent applications filed to the European patent office (EPO) for inventions within energy efficiency.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Patents can help protect and realize innovations within energy efficiency.
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Patents in Energy Efficiency per 1000 researchers

Number of patent applications filed to the European patent office (EPO) for inventions within energy efficiency. The indicator is expressed in terms of “Number of patent applications per thousand researchers”.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Patents can help protect and realize innovations within energy efficiency.
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Patents in Energy Efficiency per mill. inhab.

Number of patent applications filed to the European patent office (EPO) for inventions within energy efficiency. The indicator is expressed in terms of “Number of patent applications per one million inhabitants”.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Patents can help protect and realize innovations within energy efficiency.
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Patents in Fossil energy efficiency

Number of patent applications filed to the European patent office (EPO) for inventions within fossil energy efficiency.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Patents can help protect and realize innovations within fossil fuel efficiency.
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Patents in Fossil energy efficiency per 1000 researchers

Number of patent applications filed to the European patent office (EPO) for inventions within fossil energy efficiency. The indicator is expressed in terms of “Number of patents per thousand researchers”.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Patents can help protect and realize innovations within fossil fuel efficiency.
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Patents in Fossil energy efficiency per mill. inhab.

Number of patent applications filed to the European patent office (EPO) for inventions within fossil energy efficiency. The indicator is expressed in terms of “Number of patent applications per one million inhabitants”.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Patents can help protect and realize innovations within fossil fuel efficiency.
Read more

Patents in Renewable Energy

Number of patent applications filed to the European patent office (EPO) for inventions within renewable energy.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Patents can help protect and realize innovations within renewable energy.
Read more

Patents in Renewable Energy per 1000 researchers

Number of patent applications filed to the European patent office (EPO) for inventions within renewable energy. The indicator is expressed in terms of “Number of patents per thousand researchers”.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Patents can help protect and realize innovations within renewable energy.
Read more

Patents in Renewable Energy per mill. inhab.

Number of patent applications filed to the European patent office (EPO) for inventions within renewable energy. The indicator is expressed in terms of “Number of patent applications per one million inhabitants”.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Patents can help protect and realize innovations within renewable energy.
Read more

Patents in wastewater

Number of patent applications filed to the European patent office (EPO) for inventions within wastewater related technologies.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Patents can help protect and realize innovations within water and wastewater.
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Patents in wastewater per 1000 researchers

Number of patent applications filed to the European patent office (EPO) for inventions within wastewater related technologies. The indicator is expressed in terms of “Number of patents per thousand researchers”.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Patents can help protect and realize innovations within water and wastewater.
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Patents in wastewater per mill. inhab.

Number of patent applications filed to the European patent office (EPO) for inventions within wastewater related technologies. The indicator is expressed in terms of “Number of patent applications per one million inhabitants”.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Patents can help protect and realize innovations within water and wastewater.
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Patents in water related technologies (except wastewater)

Number of patent applications filed to the European patent office (EPO) for inventions within water related technologies (except wastewater).

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Patents can help protect and realize innovations within water and wastewater.
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Patents in water related technologies (except wastewater) per 1000 researchers

Number of patent applications filed to the European patent office (EPO) for inventions within water related technologies (except wastewater). The indicator is expressed in terms of “Number of patents per thousand researchers”.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Patents can help protect and realize innovations within water and wastewater.
Read more

Patents in water related technologies (except wastewater) per mill. inhab.

Number of patent applications filed to the European patent office (EPO) for inventions within water related technologies (except wastewater). The indicator is expressed in terms of “Number of patent applications per one million inhabitants”.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Patents can help protect and realize innovations within water and wastewater.
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Scientific publications - Bioeconomy

The indicator shows the number of scientific publications (peer-reviewed articles) published in academic journals containing at least one of the "Bioeconomy-related" keywords in Title, Abstract, or List of keywords. 

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity.
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Scientific publications - Climate Adaptation

The indicator shows the number of scientific publications (peer-reviewed articles) published in academic journals containing at least one of the "Climate Adaptation-related" keywords in Title, Abstract, or List of keywords. 

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity.
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Scientific publications - Critical materials

The indicator shows the number of scientific publications (peer-reviewed articles) published in academic journals containing at least one of the "Critical materilas-related" keywords in Title, Abstract, or List of keywords.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity.
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Scientific publications - Energy Efficiency

The indicator shows the number of scientific publications (peer-reviewed articles) published in academic journals containing at least one of the "Energy Efficiency-related" keywords in Title, Abstract, or List of keywords.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity.
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Scientific publications - Environmental governance

Number of publications published in the top20 journals within the "Environmental Governance" research area.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity.
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Scientific publications - Fossil Fuel Efficiency

The indicator shows the number of scientific publications (peer-reviewed articles) published in academic journals containing at least one of the "Fossil fuel efficiency-related" keywords in Title, Abstract, or List of keywords.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity.
Read more

Scientific publications - Material Efficiency

The indicator shows the number of scientific publications (peer-reviewed articles) published in academic journals containing at least one of the "Material efficiency-related" keywords in Title, Abstract, or List of keywords.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity.
Read more

Scientific publications - Renewable Energy

The indicator shows the number of scientific publications (peer-reviewed articles) published in academic journals containing at least one of the "Renewable Energy-related" keywords in Title, Abstract, or List of keywords. 

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity.
Read more

Scientific publications - Soil sciences

Number of publications published in the top20 journals within the "soil sciences" research area.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity.
Read more

Scientific publications - Waste & Recycling

The indicator shows the number of scientific publications (peer-reviewed articles) published in academic journals containing at least one of the "Waste&Recycling-related" keywords in Title, Abstract, or List of keywords.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity.
Read more

Scientific publications - Water & Wastewater

Number of publications published in the top20 journals within the "Water & Wastewater" research area.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity.
Read more

Scientific publications per 1000 researchers - Bioeconomy

The indicator shows the number of scientific publications (peer-reviewed articles) published in academic journals containing at least one of the "Bioeconomy-related" keywords in Title, Abstract, or List of keywords. The indicator is expressed in terms of “Number of publications per thousand researchers”.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity.
Read more

Scientific publications per 1000 researchers - Climate Adaptation

The indicator shows the number of scientific publications (peer-reviewed articles) published in academic journals containing at least one of the "Climate Adaptation-related" keywords in Title, Abstract, or List of keywords. The indicator is expressed in terms of “Number of publications per thousand researchers”.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity.
Read more

Scientific publications per 1000 researchers - Critical materials

The indicator shows the number of scientific publications (peer-reviewed articles) published in academic journals containing at least one of the "Critical materials-related" keywords in Title, Abstract, or List of keywords. The indicator is expressed in terms of “Number of publications per thousand researchers”.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity
Read more

Scientific publications per 1000 researchers - Energy Efficiency

The indicator shows the number of scientific publications (peer-reviewed articles) published in academic journals containing at least one of the "Energy Efficiency-related" keywords in Title, Abstract, or List of keywords. The indicator is expressed in terms of “Number of publications per thousand researchers”.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity.
Read more

Scientific publications per 1000 researchers - Environmental governance

Number of publications per thousand researchers published in the top20 journals within the "Environmental Governance" research area.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity
Read more

Scientific publications per 1000 researchers - Fossil Fuel Efficiency

The indicator shows the number of scientific publications (peer-reviewed articles) published in academic journals containing at least one of the "Fossil fuel efficiency-related" keywords in Title, Abstract, or List of keywords. The indicator is expressed in terms of “Number of publications per thousand researchers”.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity
Read more

Scientific publications per 1000 researchers - Material Efficiency

The indicator shows the number of scientific publications (peer-reviewed articles) published in academic journals containing at least one of the "Material efficiency-related" keywords in Title, Abstract, or List of keywords. The indicator is expressed in terms of “Number of publications per thousand researchers”.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity
Read more

Scientific publications per 1000 researchers - Renewable Energy

The indicator shows the number of scientific publications (peer-reviewed articles) published in academic journals containing at least one of the "Renewable Energy-related" keywords in Title, Abstract, or List of keywords. The indicator is expressed in terms of “Number of publications per thousand researchers”.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity.
Read more

Scientific publications per 1000 researchers - Soil sciences

Number of publications per thousand researchers published in the top20 journals within the "soil sciences" research area.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity.
Read more

Scientific publications per 1000 researchers - Waste & Recycling

The indicator shows the number of scientific publications (peer-reviewed articles) published in academic journals containing at least one of the "Waste&Recycling-related" keywords in Title, Abstract, or List of keywords. The indicator is expressed in terms of “Number of publications per thousand researchers”.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity.
Read more

Scientific publications per 1000 researchers - Water & Wastewater

Number of publications per thousand researchers published in the top20 journals within the "Water & Wastewater" research area.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity.
Read more

Scientific publications per mill. inhab. - Bioeconomy

The indicator shows the number of scientific publications (peer-reviewed articles) published in academic journals containing at least one of the "Bioeconomy-related" keywords in Title, Abstract, or List of keywords. The indicator is expressed in terms of “Number of publications per one million inhabitants”.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity.
Read more

Scientific publications per mill. inhab. - Climate Adaptation

The indicator shows the number of scientific publications (peer-reviewed articles) published in academic journals containing at least one of the "Climate Adaptation-related" keywords in Title, Abstract, or List of keywords. The indicator is expressed in terms of “Number of publications per one million inhabitants”.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity.
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Scientific publications per mill. inhab. - Critical materials

The indicator shows the number of scientific publications (peer-reviewed articles) published in academic journals containing at least one of the "Critical materials-related" keywords in Title, Abstract, or List of keywords. The indicator is expressed in terms of “Number of publications per one million inhabitants”.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity.
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Scientific publications per mill. inhab. - Energy Efficiency

The indicator shows the number of scientific publications (peer-reviewed articles) published in academic journals containing at least one of the "Energy Efficiency-related" keywords in Title, Abstract, or List of keywords. The indicator is expressed in terms of “Number of publications per one million inhabitants”.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity.
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Scientific publications per mill. inhab. - Environmental governance

Number of publications per one million inhabitants published in the top20 journals within the "Environmental Governance" research area.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity.
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Scientific publications per mill. inhab. - Fossil Fuel Efficiency

The indicator shows the number of scientific publications (peer-reviewed articles) published in academic journals containing at least one of the "Fossil fuel efficiency-related" keywords in Title, Abstract, or List of keywords. The indicator is expressed in terms of “Number of publications per one million inhabitants”.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity.
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Scientific publications per mill. inhab. - Material Efficiency

The indicator shows the number of scientific publications (peer-reviewed articles) published in academic journals containing at least one of the "Material efficiency-related" keywords in Title, Abstract, or List of keywords. The indicator is expressed in terms of “Number of publications per one million inhabitants”.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity.
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Scientific publications per mill. inhab. - Renewable Energy

The indicator shows the number of scientific publications (peer-reviewed articles) published in academic journals containing at least one of the "Renewable Energy-related" keywords in Title, Abstract, or List of keywords. The indicator is expressed in terms of “Number of publications per one million inhabitants”.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity.
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Scientific publications per mill. inhab. - Soil sciences

Number of publications per one million inhabitants published in the top20 journals within the "soil sciences" research area.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity.
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Scientific publications per mill. inhab. - Waste & Recycling

The indicator shows the number of scientific publications (peer-reviewed articles) published in academic journals containing at least one of the "Waste&Recycling-related" keywords in Title, Abstract, or List of keywords. The indicator is expressed in terms of “Number of publications per one million inhabitants”.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity.
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Scientific publications per mill. inhab. - Water & Wastewater

Number of publications per one million inhabitants published in the top20 journals within the "Water & Wastewater" research area.

Be aware that due to delayed data entries in the original database the values for the last couple of years might be underestimated and could possibly increase over the next years. Have this in mind when working with data from recent years.

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity.
Read more