Consumption of Phosphate rock

Short description

Apparent consumption of phosphate rock expressed in tonnes.

Apparent consumption is calculated as Production + Imports - Exports for each country in the ERA.

The largest share of phosphorus is used as basis for nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium fertilisers, globally utilised on food crops.1 Phosphorus (phosphate) “cannot be substituted, [is] necessary to grow all life forms, and [is] mined and depleted.” 2

Lithuania is a major importer of phosphate rock. Morocco owns more than half the world's phosphate reserves and has been called "the Saudi Arabia of phosphate".3 Recently, the Russian-owned Lithuanian fertiliser company Lifosa was the last major European importer to declare that it would stop importing phosphate from Moroccan-occupied Western Sahara.4 This shows how phosphate rock, like other raw materials, can have a geopolitical conflict component.5 It also demonstrates how "apparent consumption" not necessarily  expresses final consumption but that it may well only indicate a step in a production chain. In this case phosphate rock enters the consumption statistic and then becomes an ingredient to fertiliser.

Original data

Unit for original data: 
Tonnes (metric) of production, imports and exports
Date of extraction: 
Wednesday, February 1, 2017
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The indicator is relevant to the following innovation systems on this website

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