Consumption of Rare Earth Elements (ferro-cerium & other pyrophoric alloys)

Short description

Apparent consumption of Rare Earth Elements (REES) -Ferro-cerium & other pyrophoric alloys - expressed in tonnes.

Apparent consumption is calculated as Production + Imports - Exports for each country in the ERA.

Rare earth elements have important applications in magnets (important for electric vehicles and wind turbines), batteries, metallurgy, catalysts, polishing powders and glass additives, phosphors and other application such as ceramics, fibre optics and lasers.1

Original data

Unit for original data: 
Tonnes (metric) of production, imports and exports
Date of extraction: 
Wednesday, February 1, 2017
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The indicator is relevant to the following innovation systems on this website

Critical raw materials

Many technological developments and thus innovation pathways depend on the availability of specific raw materials.

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