Energy efficiency

The possibilities for meeting current energy demands with renewable sources are still limited. Yet, further reliance on conventional fuels will lead to dangerous climate change. As a consequence, not only the sources of energy needs to be changed but energy also needs to be used much more efficiently.1 While greater energy efficiency in itself doesn’t lead to the abatement of emissions2, it is important in order to smoothen the energy transition as it can help companies to stay competitive and consumers to stay comfortable with declining levels of energy consumption.

Knowledge development and diffusion

Patents in Energy Efficiency

Patents can help protect and realize innovations within energy efficiency.

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Patents in Energy Efficiency per 1000 researchers

Patents can help protect and realize innovations within energy efficiency.

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Patents in Energy Efficiency per mill. inhab.

Patents can help protect and realize innovations within energy efficiency.

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Scientific publications - Energy Efficiency

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity.

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Scientific publications per 1000 researchers - Energy Efficiency

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity.

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Scientific publications per mill. inhab. - Energy Efficiency

Publications serve as proxy for research and knowledge diffusion activity.

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Influence on the direction of search

Energy dependence

Energy efficiency can help to reduce energy dependence.

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Environmental policy stringency

The EPS is an index of environmental policy instruments primarily related to climate and air pollution. Amongst other things, it covers emission limits and emissions trading. Such policy instruments can create more demand for energy efficiency. Feed-in tariffs are also included in the EPS. If they increase the price of electricity this can also lead to higher demand for energy efficiency measures.

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GHG emissions per capita - Energy sector

Monitoring the development of GHG emission per capita due to the energy sector over time and across countries can provide information on where support for greater energy efficiency is most urgent and likely to have the most impact.

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GHG emissions per capita - Industrial processes

Monitoring the development of GHG emission per capita due to the industrial sector over time and across countries can provide information on where support for greater energy efficiency is most urgent and likely to have the most impact.

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GHG emissions per capita - Waste sector

Monitoring the development of GHG emission per capita due to the waste sector over time and across countries can provide information on where support for greater energy efficiency is most urgent and likely to have the most impact.

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Implicit tax rate on energy

Higher tax rates increase demand for efficiency measures.

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Entrepreneurial experimentation

Government expenditure on energy efficiency demo projects

Demonstration projects allow for experimentation in real-world settings.

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Government expenditure on energy efficiency demo projects (per capita)

Demonstration projects allow for experimentation in real-world settings.

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Market formation

Energy intensity level of primary energy

Energy intensity is a measure of how efficiently countries use energy to produce economic output: low energy intensity means high efficiency; high energy intensity means low efficiency.

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Legitimation of technologies

Eurobarometer survey - Environmental concern

A higher prioritisation of environmental issues should translate into more support for energy efficiency.

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Resource mobilization

Early stage investment - Energy efficiency (GDP PPP)

Investments in relevant companies mobilise financial resources.

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Late stage investment - Energy efficiency (GDP PPP)

Investments in relevant companies mobilise financial resources.

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Public R&D spending - Energy sector (PPS per capita)

This may benefit the generation of energy efficiency knowledge.

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Public R&D spending - Energy sector (share of GBAORD)

This may benefit the generation of energy efficiency knowledge.

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