# Renewable energy

The transition of the energy system towards renewable sources is an important part of the fight against anthropogenic climate change.1 2 Other beneficial side effects include better local air quality and more energy independence. For some examples of how you can use the indicators here in order to get a better understanding of the relation between research and innovation and the transition towards renewable energy, please look here

• 1. Evans, Annette, Vladimir Strezov, and Tim J. Evans. 2012. ‘Assessment of Utility Energy Storage Options for Increased Renewable Energy Penetration’. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 16 (6): 4141–47.
• 2. Cecati, Carlo, Costantino Citro, and Pierluigi Siano. 2011. ‘Combined Operations of Renewable Energy Systems and Responsive Demand in a Smart Grid’. Sustainable Energy, IEEE Transactions on 2 (4): 468–76.

### Resource mobilization

#### Public R&D spending - Energy sector (share of GBAORD)

This may benefit the generation of renewable energy knowledge (but also of knowledge on fossil fuel efficiency).